BENTZEN, AAGE°


BENTZEN, AAGE°
BENTZEN, AAGE° (1894–1953), Danish biblical scholar, He was appointed professor of biblical studies at the University of Copenhagen in 1929. He was the first president of the International Organization of Old Testament Scholars, which was established in Leiden in 1950, and was instrumental in helping to establish its journal, Vetus Testamentum, in the same year. Bentzen was a prolific scholar, expert in all phases of biblical exegesis. Since he observed little agreement between the J and E documents, and regarded them as independent of one another, he preferred to write in terms of etiological legends, myths, and cultic songs. He almost completely ignored the older classification of literary criticism, including the Documentary Hypothesis, and was inclined instead to emphasize historical narrative, historiography, and strata of traditions. Typical of Bentzen's methodology and thought is his MessiasMoses redivivusMenschensohn (1948; King and Messiah, 1955), where he attempts to assess the contributions of the   English and Scandinavian myth and ritual schools in regard to the cultic situations in the life of the king of Israel. Bentzen criticizes both schools and argues for the impact of history on the cultic myth. Furthermore, it is the "Urmensch" idea which underlies the role of the king, the priest, the prophet, and the messiah in Israel. He also wrote Introduction to the Old Testament (2 vols., 1948–49, 19616). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: VT, Congress Volume (1953), vii–xv (incl. complete bibliography). (Zev Garber)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sacred king — For the ancient roman position, see Rex Sacrorum. Christ King , a detail from Jan van Eyck s Ghent Altarpiece (1432) In many historical societies, the position of kingship carries a sacral meaning, that is, it is identical with that of a high… …   Wikipedia

  • Norwegian Police Service — National Police Directorate Politi og lensmannsetaten Common name Politi …   Wikipedia

  • Skibet er ladet med — Infobox Film name = Skibet er ladet med image size = caption = director = Peer Guldbrandsen producer = Peer Guldbrandsen writer = Peer Guldbrandsen narrator = starring = Kjeld Petersen music = cinematography = Karl Andersson editing = Christian… …   Wikipedia

  • David — /day vid/ for 1, 2, 5; Fr. /dann veed / for 3, 5; Sp. /dah veedh / for 4, 5, n. 1. died c970 B.C., the second king of Israel, reigned c1010 c970, successor to Saul: slayer of the Philistine giant Goliath. 2. Saint. Also called Dewi Sant. A.D.… …   Universalium

  • biblical literature — Introduction       four bodies of written works: the Old Testament writings according to the Hebrew canon; intertestamental works, including the Old Testament Apocrypha; the New Testament writings; and the New Testament Apocrypha.       The Old… …   Universalium

  • sacred kingship — ▪ religious and political concept Introduction       religious and political concept by which a ruler is seen as an incarnation, manifestation, mediator, or agent of the sacred or holy (the transcendent or supernatural realm). The concept… …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.